Municipal governments are in charge of managing household waste. Many municipalities have assigned waste management responsibilities to local waste management firms. These firms manage the majority of municipal waste, including transports, landfills, composting and incinerated plants, and waste advisory.
As municipalities begin to develop in-house skills to control their waste material and keep it separate. The government plays an important role in developing and implementing policies, projects, and regulations as well as providing technical and financial support for infrastructure projects such as municipal solid waste (MSW) management in urban areas.
According to the central government, around 65 metric tons of waste are generated annually in India. Out of that, over 62 metric tons are MSW. That includes organic waste and recyclables such as paper, plastic, wood, and glass. Only around 75-80% of municipal waste is collected, and only 22-28 % of that is handled and treated.
This highlights the need for urban local Bodies to develop a comprehensive and detailed MSWM strategy.
The management of municipal solid waste is one of the main functions of all Urban Local Bodies in India. All ULBs meticulously need to plan, implement and monitor all systems of urban service delivery especially that of municipal solid waste. With financial resources, technical capacities, and land availability.
The Integrated Solid Waste Management System (ISWMS): Managing Solid Waste.
Management of solid waste and the acceptance of manufacturing techniques are reliant on the volume and qualities of waste collected in a municipality. The relevant financial resources, and the municipal government’s in-house capabilities to monitor project execution.
As per the Environmental Protection Agency, India produces 26000 tons of waste each day, 10000 pieces of which go uncollected. According to Research Gate India, the quantity of plastic waste created in the country in 2011 was 56 million tons per year. It will reach 200 million tons per year by 2041.
Product stewardship responsibility is a strategy that requires manufacturers to oversee the correct disposal of things they manufacture after customers no longer use them. According to statistics, more than 95% of all bread, powdered packaged food items, beauty products, milk-based products, baked products, housework, and cosmetics manufactured in India are wrapped in plastic.
Role of EPR
Extended producer responsibility is a concept in which a supplier is accountable for an item’s post-consumer cycle. Often for specific chores of independent collection. Reusing waste or hazardous substance elements, for example, refuse systems for bottles, recycling for used vehicles, and battery storage facilities. EPR initiatives are mandatory as per the notification of the government. Retail take-back schemes, for example, Participation at the national and state levels is necessary to ensure the success of EPR projects.
Although recycling has become the industry’s responsibility. Corporations are attempting to boost consumer recovery, recycle, and reduce the usage of harmful components. Which makes the project more ecologically friendly. The enhanced product stewardship policy mandates manufacturers to recycle a certain proportion of the obtained material by weight of a given volume. In addition to allocating duty for product disposal. Product recycling minimizes the energy required to manufacture raw materials and components. The economic advantage is that the firms’ goodwill improves. As extended producer responsibility forces them to make eco-friendly things that are recyclable and devoid of harmful chemicals, which are in high demand.
Some of us are unable to cope with waste because it is time-consuming and costly. Wastech India provides the ideal solution for such businesses in the shape of EPR service. An eco-friendly waste management solution that removes waste from landfills and waterways. Wastech’s EPR service involves assisting with waste collection, segregation, transportation, and disposal in rural and urban areas throughout India. Wastech has successfully disposed of over 10,000 million tonnes of waste from various states using this service, and the number is growing.